In the last 60 years Spain has undergone more social change than anywhere else in western Europe. Until the 1950s, Spain was predominantly a poor, rural country, in which only 37 per cent of the population lived in towns of over 10,000 people.
Spain has a population of 45 million and receives more than 58 million visitors a year. It covers an area of 504,780 sq km (194,900 sq miles). Madrid is the largest city, followed by Barcelona and Valencia.
Spain, in southwestern Europe, covers the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula. The third largest country in Europe, it includes two island groups: the Canaries in the Atlantic and the Balearics in the Mediterranean, and two small territories in North Africa.
Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain is a country located in Southern Europe, with two small exclaves in North Africa. Spain is a democracy which is organized as a parliamentary monarchy. It is a developed country with the ninth-largest economy in the world.